Two Events That Advanced 1960s Civil Rights Movement
On Monday, January 21, marking Martin Luther King Day, Rhode Island PBS presents two 30-minute documentaries, The Education of Harvey Gantt at 10 p.m., and Fannie Lou Hamer: Stand Up at 10:30 p.m.
In 1960, a talented African-American student from Charleston, South Carolina, Harvey Gantt, graduated from high school and decided to become an architect. Clemson College was the only school in South Carolina that offered a degree in his chosen field. On January 28, 1963, with the help of NAACP lawyer Matthew J. Perry, Gantt won a lawsuit against Clemson and was peacefully admitted to the college, making him the first African-American student to attend a formerly all-white school in South Carolina.
The absence of drama or violence surrounding Gantt's enrollment - the result of nearly two years of detailed preparation and planning on the part of college administrators, state politicians and business leaders - made headlines at the time, but soon it faded from the public consciousness.
The Education of Harvey Gantt is narrated by Tony Award-winning actress and singer Phylicia Rashād and features historic civil rights photographs by Cecil Williams.
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Fannie Lou Hamer: Stand Up examines the life of civil rights legend Fannie Lou Hamer, offering first-hand accounts by those who knew her and worked side by side with her in the struggle for voting rights.
Mrs. Hamer attended the 1964 Democratic National Convention as a member of the Mississippi Democratic Freedom Party and challenged the all-white Mississippi delegation. Her spirited plea for justice was captured by network television and struck a cord throughout the country. Many credit her presence at the Convention as the impetus for the passage of the 1965 Voting Rights Act.